Kapuĉparulio

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Kapuĉa parulio
Kapuĉa parulio
Kapuĉa parulio
Biologia klasado
Regno: Animaloj Animalia
Filumo: Ĥorduloj Chordata
Klaso: Birdoj Aves
Ordo: Paseroformaj Passeriformes
Familio: Paruliedoj Parulidae
Genro: Wilsonia
Specio: 'W. citrina'
Wilsonia citrina
(Boddaert, 1783)
Konserva statuso
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Konserva statuso: Malplej zorgiga
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La Kapuĉa parulio, Wilsonia citrina, estas birdospecio de la familio de Paruliedoj kaj de la genro Wilsonia kiu enhavas tri speciojn de birdoj kun flavaj subaj partoj kaj nigraj kapomarkoj.

Ĝi reproduktiĝas en orienta Nordameriko nome en orienta Usono kaj en plej suda Kanado, (Ontario). Ĝi estas migranta specio, kiu vintras en Centrameriko kaj Karibio. La Kapuĉa parulio estas tre rara vaganto en okcidentan Eŭropon.

Ino ĉe nesto

Aspekto[redakti | redakti fonton]

La Kapuĉa parulio havas senmarkan olivverdecbrunan dorson kaj tre flavajn subajn partojn. La eksteraj vostoplumoj havas blankecajn nuancojn. Maskloj havas nigran kapuĉon (kio nomigas la specion) kiu ĉirkaŭas la flavan vizaĝon komponita ĉefe el mallarĝa krono, pli larĝa al nuko kaj ĉe la gorĝareo kaj mallarĝa kolumo; la ino havas olivverdecan kronon kiu ne etendas al la frunto, orelareo aŭ gorĝo. La tre flava vizaĝo kune kun la tre flavaj subaj partoj nomigas la specion en la latina scienca nomo kiel citrina, tio estas je la koloro de citronoj. En la flava vizaĝo ege kontrastas la nigra okulo. Maskloj akiras sian kapuĉon je la 9–12 monatoj de aĝo; pli junaj birdoj estas esence identaj al (kaj facile konfuzataj kun) inoj[1]. La kanto estas serio de muzikecaj notoj pli malpli kiel: ŭita ŭita ŭitjuu La alvoko de tiuj birdoj estas laŭta ĉip. La beko estas grizeca kaj la kruroj rozkolorecaj.

Kutimoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Tiuj nearktaj birdoj manĝas insektojn, kiuj ofte troviĝas en malalta vegetaĵaro aŭ kaptiĝas dumfluge. La reproduktaj habitatoj de la Kapuĉa parulio estas larĝfoliaj arbaroj kun densa subkreskaĵaro. Tiuj birdoj nestumas en malaltaj areoj de arbustaro; la ino demetas 3-5 ovojn en tasforma nesto. La Kapuĉaj parulioj estas ofte viktimoj de nestoparazitado fare de la Brunkapa molotro, ĉefe kie la arbaraj biotopoj de la Kapuĉa parulio estas fragmentataj.

Notoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  1. Burns (1898)

Referencoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Eksteraj ligiloj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Plia legado[redakti | redakti fonton]

Libro[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Evans Ogden, L. J. and B. J. Stutchbury. 1994. Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina). In The Birds of North America, No. 110 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists’ Union.

Informoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Friesen L & Martin D. (2000). National recovery plan for the Acadian flycatcher, Empidonax virescens, and hooded warbler, Wilsonia citrina. Canadian Research Index. p. n/a.
  • Page AM. (1994). Status report on the hooded warbler, Wilsonia citrina, in Canada. Canadian Research Index. p. n/a.

Tezoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

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