Nov-Asiria Imperio: Malsamoj inter versioj

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Post la konkeroj de [[Adad-nirari la 2-a]] fine de la 10a jarcento a.K., [[Asirio]] aperis kiel la plej pova ŝtato en la mondo ĝis tiame, kaj dominis la teritoriojn de la [[Antikva Proksima Oriento]], [[Orienta Mediteraneo]], [[Malgranda Azio]], [[Kaŭkazio]], kaj partojn de la [[Arabio|Araba Duoninsulo]] kaj [[Nordafriko]], eklipsante kaj konkerante rivalojn kiel [[Babilonio]], [[Elam]], [[Persio]], [[Urartu]], [[Lidio]], la [[Medoj]], [[Frigoj]], [[Cimeroj]], [[Izraela reĝlando|Israelo]], [[Reĝlando de Judujo|Judujo]], [[Fenicio]], [[Ĥaldeoj|Ĥaldeio]], [[Kanaano]], la Kuŝita Imperio, la [[Araboj]], kaj [[Nova Egipta Imperio|Egiptio]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.livius.org/li-ln/limmu/limmu_1c.html|title=Assyrian Eponym List|publisher=|accessdate=23a de novembro 2014}}</ref><ref>Tadmor, H. (1994). ''The Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III, King of Assyria'', p. 29</ref>
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La Nov-Asiria Imperio sukcedis al la [[Malnov-Asiria Imperio]] (ĉ. 2025–1378 a.K.), kaj al la [[Meza Asiria Imperio]] (1365–934 a.K.) de la [[Late Bronze Age]]. During this period, [[Old Aramaic|Aramaic]] was also made an official language of the empire, alongside [[Akkadian language|Akkadian]].<ref name="Frye">{{cite web |authorlink=Richard Nelson Frye |author=Frye, Richard N. |title=Assyria and Syria: Synonyms |url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KesgkBziUs |website=[[Journal of Near Eastern Studies]] |id= |pages= |page= |year=1992 |accessdate= |quote=And the ancient Assyrian empire, was the first real, empire in history. What do I mean, it had many different peoples included in the empire, all speaking Aramaic, and becoming what may be called, "Assyrian citizens." That was the first time in history, that we have this. For example, Elamite musicians, were brought to Nineveh, and they were 'made Assyrians' which means, that Assyria, was more than a small country, it was the empire, the whole Fertile Crescent.}}</ref>
 
La Nov-Asiria Imperio sukcedis al la [[Malnov-Asiria Imperio]] (ĉ. 2025–1378 a.K.), kaj al la [[Meza Asiria Imperio]] (1365–934 a.K.) de la Fina [[Late Bronze AgeBronzepoko]]. DuringDum thistiu periodperiodo, la Malnova [[OldAramea Aramaic|Aramaiclingvo]] wasestis alsofarita madeoficiala anlingvo officialde languagela ofimperio, thekun empire, alongsidela [[AkkadianAkada languagelingvo|AkkadianAkada]].<ref name="Frye">{{cite web |authorlink=Richard Nelson Frye |author=Frye, Richard N. |title=Assyria and Syria: Synonyms |url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KesgkBziUs |website=[[Journal of Near Eastern Studies]] |id= |pages= |page= |year=1992 |accessdate= |quote=And the ancient Assyrian empire, was the first real, empire in history. What do I mean, it had many different peoples included in the empire, all speaking Aramaic, and becoming what may be called, "Assyrian citizens." That was the first time in history, that we have this. For example, Elamite musicians, were brought to Nineveh, and they were 'made Assyrians' which means, that Assyria, was more than a small country, it was the empire, the whole Fertile Crescent.}}</ref>
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Upon the death of [[Ashurbanipal]] in 631 BC, the empire began to disintegrate due to a brutal and unremitting series of civil wars in Assyria proper. In 616 BC, [[Cyaxares]] king of the [[Medes]] and [[Persian people|Persians]] made alliances with [[Nabopolassar]] ruler of the [[Babylonians]] and [[Chaldea]]ns, and also the [[Scythians]] and [[Cimmerians]] against Assyria. At the [[Fall of Harran]] (609 BC) the Babylonians and Medes defeated an Assyrian-Egyptian alliance, after which Assyria largely ceased to exist as an independent state. A [[Siege of Harran|failed attempt]] to reconquer Harran ended the Assyrian Empire.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=nhsmDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA192&lpg=PA192&dq=a+companion+to+Assyria+assur-uballit+failed+attempt+to+reconquer+Harran#v=onepage&q=a%20companion%20to%20Assyria%20assur-uballit%20failed%20attempt%20to%20reconquer%20Harran&f=true|title=A Companion to Assyria|last=Frahm|first=Eckart|date=2017-06-12|publisher=John Wiley & Sons|isbn=9781444335934|language=en|page=192}}</ref> Although the empire fell, Assyrian history continued; there are still [[Assyrian people|Assyrians]] living in Iran, Iraq, and elsewhere, in the present day.<ref name="Assyria">{{cite web|title=Assyria|url=https://www.ancient.eu/assyria/|publisher=Joshua J. Mark}}</ref>
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