Charles Brown (muzikisto)

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Charles Brown
Charlesbrown1996.jpg
Persona informo
Naskiĝo 13-an de septembro 1922 (1922-09-13)
en Teksasurbo
Morto 21-an de januaro 1999 (1999-01-21) (76-jara)
en Kalifornio
Tombo Inglewood Park Cemetery
Ŝtataneco Usono
Alma mater Prairie View A&M University
Profesio
Profesio muzikistopianistokantisto
Information icon.svg
vdr

Tony Russell "Charles" Brown (13a de Septembro, 1922 – 21a de Januaro, 1999) estis usona kantisto kaj pianisto de bluso, kies mild-tona, trankvilema blus-klubeca stilo influis la blus-muzikon en la 1940-aj kaj 1950-aj jaroj. Li faris kelkajn sukcesajn registraĵojn, kiel "Driftin' Blues" kaj "Merry Christmas Baby".[1]

Kariero[redakti | redakti fonton]

En Los Angeles, alveno de afrik-usonanoj el la Suda Usono dum la Dua Mondmilito kreis etendan noktokluban aktivadon en kiuj nigrulaj muzikistoj tendencis malpliigi la plej akrajn bluselementojn de sia stilo. La blus-kluba stilo de malpeza ritmobaso, dekstra-mana tintosonado de piano kaj mildaj voĉoj iĝis populara, reprazentita ekzemple de la ĵaza piano de Nat King Cole. Kiam Cole lasis Los Angeles por turnei tralande, lia loko estis okupita de la bando de Johnny Moore nome Three Blazers, kie aperis Brown ĉe piano kaj voĉo.[2]

The Three Blazers kontraktis ĉe Exclusive Records, kaj ilia registro de 1945 de "Drifting Blues", kun Brown ĉe la piano kaj voĉoj, restis en la usona sukcesa listo de la gazeto Billboard dum ses monatoj, metante Brown ĉe la pinto de la muzika evoluo kiu ŝanĝis la usonan muzikan panoramon.[3] Brown estris la grupo en serio de pluaj sukcesoj ĉe Aladdin dum la venontaj tri jaroj, kiel "New Orleans Blues" kaj la origina versio de "Merry Christmas Baby" (ambaŭ en 1947) kaj "More Than You Know" (1948).[4] La stilo de Brown dominis en la influa klubaro de Suda Kalifornio en Central Avenue, en Los Angeles, dum tiu periodo. Li influis super muzikistoj kaj kantistoj kiel Floyd Dixon, Cecil Gant, Ivory Joe Hunter, Percy Mayfield, Johnny Ace kaj Ray Charles.[2]

Diskaro[redakti | redakti fonton]

Originalaj 10" shellac (78-rpm) kaj 7" vinilaj (45-rpm) publikigaĵoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Jen listo de 10" shellac (78-rpm) kaj 7" vinilaj (45-rpm) publikigaĵoj registritaj de Brown kiel membro de Johnny Moore's Three Blazers.

Aladdin (kiel Charles Brown Trio, Charles Brown & His Band, Charles Brown & Band)[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 3020 "Get Yourself Another Fool" (RR609) b/w "Ooh! Ooh! Sugar" (RR608), 1948, publikigita 1949 (Billboard R&B chart #4)[4]
  • 3021 "A Long Time" (RR617) (Billboard R&B chart #9) b/w "It's Nothing" (RR612) (Billboard R&B chart #13), 1949[4]
  • 3024 "Trouble Blues" (RR613) b/w "Honey Keep Your Mind on Me" (RR600), 1949 (Billboard R&B chart #1, 15 weeks)[4]
  • 3030 "In the Evening When the Sun Goes Down" (RR611) b/w "Please Be Kind" (RR616), 1949 (Billboard R&B chart #4)[4]
  • 3039 "Homesick Blues" (RR603) b/w "Let's Have a Ball" (RR677), 1949 (kiel Charles Brown & His Smarties) (Billboard R&B chart #5)[4]
  • 3044 "Tormented" (RR673) b/w "Did You Ever Love a Woman" (RR679), 1949, publikigita 1950
  • 3051 "My Baby's Gone" (RR1521) b/w "I Wonder When My Baby's Coming Home" (RR604), 1950 (Billboard R&B chart #6)[4]
  • 3060 "Repentance Blues" (RR1522) b/w "I've Got That Old Feeling" (RR1529), 1950
  • 3066 "I've Made Up My Mind" (RR1528) b/w "Again" (RR1520), 1950
  • 3071 "Texas Blues" (RR1525) b/w "How High the Moon" (RR607), 1950
  • 3076 "Black Night" (RR1619) b/w "Once There Lived a Fool" (RR1623), 1950, publikigita 1951 (Billboard R&B chart #1, 14 weeks)[4]
  • 3091 "I'll Always Be in Love with You" (RR1621) b/w "The Message" (RR1648), 1950, publikigita 1951 (Billboard R&B chart #7)[4]
  • 3092 "Seven Long Days" (RR1620) b/w "Don't Fool with My Heart" (RR1527), 1950, publikigita 1951 (Billboard R&B chart #2)[4]
  • 3116 "Hard Times" (RR1752) b/w "Tender Heart" (RR1750), 1951, publikigita 1952 (Billboard R&B chart #7)[4]
  • 3120 "Still Water" (RR1751) b/w "My Last Affair" (RR602), 1951, publikigita 1952
  • 3138 "Gee" (RR1523) b/w "Without Your Love (RR1531), 1950, publikigita 1952
  • 3157 "Rollin' Like a Pebble in the Sand" (RR2018) b/w "Alley Batting" (RR674), 1952
  • 3163 "Evening Shadows" (RR2017) b/w "Moonrise" (RR1650), 1952
  • 3176 "Rising Sun" (RR2019) b/w "Take Me" (RR676), 1952, publikigita 1953
  • 3191 "I Lost Everything" (UN2125) b/w "Lonesome Feeling" (UN2127), 1953
  • 3200 "Don't Leave Poor Me" (UN2126) b/w "All My Life" (RR1649), ne publikigita
  • 3209 "Cryin' and Driftin' Blues" (RR2212) b/w "P.S. I Love You" (RR2215), 1953 (kiel Charles Brown kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers)
  • 3220 "Everybody's Got Troubles (RR2254) b/w "I Want to Fool Around with You" (RR2257), 1953, reeldono 1954 (kiel Charles Brown kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers)
  • 3235 "Let's Walk" (RR2253) b/w "Cryin' Mercy" (RR2214), 1953, publikigita 1954 (kiel Charles Brown kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers)
  • 3235 "Let's Walk" (RR2253) b/w "Blazer's Boogie" (111B) (re-reeldono) 1953, publikigita 1954 (kiel Charles Brown kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers)
  • 3254 "My Silent Love (RR2255) b/w "Foolish" (RR601), 1953, publikigita 1954 (kiel Charles Brown kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers)
  • 3272 "Honey Sipper" (RR2328) b/w "By the Bend of the River" (RR2329), 1954
  • 3284 "Nite After Nite" (RR2331) b/w "Walk with Me" (RR2332), 1954, publikigita 1955
  • 3290 "Fool's Paradise" (CAP2486) b/w "Hot Lips and Seven Kisses (Mambo)" (CAP2484), 1955 (kiel Charles Brown kun Ernie Freeman's Combo)
  • 3296 "My Heart Is Mended" (CAP2483) b/w "Trees, Trees" (CAP2487), 1955 (kiel Charles Brown kun Ernie Freeman's Combo)
  • 3316 "Please Don't Drive Me Away" (CAP2489) b/w "One Minute to One" (CAP2488), 1955, publikigita 1956 (kiel Charles Brown kun Ernie Freeman's Combo)
  • 3339 "I'll Always Be in Love with You" (NO2725) (re-registro) b/w "Soothe Me" (NO2726), 1956
  • 3342 "Confidential" (NO2754) b/w "Trouble Blues" (publikigita ), 1956
  • 3348 "Merry Christmas Baby" (NO2730) (re-registro) b/w "Black Night" (publikigita ), 1956
  • 3348 "Black Night" (reissue) b/w "Ooh! Ooh! Sugar" (publikigita ), 1957 (post-Christmas re-reeldono)
  • 3366 "It's a Sin to Tell a Lie" (NO2727) b/w "Please Believe Me" (NO2728), 1956, reeldono 1957
  • 3422 "Hard Times" (reissue) b/w "Ooh! Ooh! Sugar" (publikigita ), 1958

Imperial (Aladdin ) (kiel Charles Brown)[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 5830 "Fool's Paradise" (reissue) b/w "Lonesome Feeling" (publikigita ), 1962
  • 5902 "Merry Christmas Baby" (reissue) b/w "I Lost Everything" (publikigita ), 1962
  • 5905 "Drifting Blues" (reissue) b/w "Black Night" (publikigita ), 1963
  • 5961 "Please Don't Drive Me Away" (reissue) b/w "I'm Savin' My Love for You" (RR2330), 1963

East West (Atlantic filio) reeldono[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 106 "When Did You Leave Heaven" (EW-2753) b/w "We've Got a Lot in Common" (EW-2755), 1957, reeldono 1958

Ace[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 561 "I Want to Go Home" (kun Amos Milburn) (S-253) b/w "Educated Fool" (kun Amos Milburn) (S-254), 1959
  • 599 "Sing My Blues Tonight" (S-843) b/w "Love's Like a River" (S-844), 1960

Teem (Ace filio)[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 1008 "Merry Christmas Baby" (A-1113-63) b/w "Christmas Finds Me Oh So Sad (Please Come Home for Christmas)" (A-1114-63), 1961, released 1963

King[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 5405 Charles Brown, "Please Come Home for Christmas" (K4912) b/w Amos Milburn, "Christmas Comes but Once a Year" (K4913), 1960
  • 5439 "Baby Oh Baby" (K4992) b/w "Angel Baby" (K4993), 1961
  • 5464 "I Wanna Go Back Home" (with Amos Milburn) (K10607) b/w "My Little Baby" (kun Amos Milburn) (K10608), 1961
  • 5523 "This Fool Has Learned" (K10892) b/w "Butterfly" (K10893), 1961
  • 5530 "It's Christmas All Year Round" (K10897) b/w "Christmas in Heaven" (K10947), 1961
  • 5570 "Without a Friend" (K10983) b/w "If You Play with Cats" (K10984), 1961
  • 5722 "I'm Just a Drifter" (K11405) b/w "I Don't Want Your Rambling Letters" (K11406), 1963
  • 5726 "It's Christmas Time" (K10898) b/w "Christmas Finds Me Lonely Wanting You" (K10950), 1961, reeldono 1963
  • 5731 "Christmas Questions" (K10954) b/w "Wrap Yourself in a Christmas Package" (K10956), 1961, reeldono 1963
  • 5802 "If You Don't Believe I'm Crying (Take a Look at My Eyes)" (K11687) b/w "I Wanna Be Close" (K11689), 1964
  • 5825 "Lucky Dreamer" (K11688) b/w "Too Fine for Crying" (K11690), 1964
  • 5852 "Come Home" (K11691) b/w "Blow Out All the Candles (Happy Birthday to You)" (K11692), 1964
  • 5946 "Christmas Blues" (K10948) b/w "My Most Miserable Christmas" (K10955), 1961, reeldono 1964
  • 5947 "Christmas Comes but Once a Year" (K10951) b/w "Bringing In a Brand New Year" (K10949), 1961, reeldono 1964

Mainstream[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 607 "Pledging My Love" (R5KM-7389) b/w "Tomorrow Night" (R5KM-7390), 1965

Ace[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 775 "Please Come Home for Christmas" (92772-A) (reissue) b/w "Merry Christmas Baby" (92772-1B) (reeldono), 1966

King[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 6094 "Regardless" (K12330) b/w "The Plan" (K12331), 1967
  • 6192 "Hang On a Little Longer" (K12723) b/w "Black Night" (K12724) (re-registraĵo), 1968
  • 6194 "Merry Christmas Baby" (K12725) (re-recording) b/w "Let's Make Every Day a Christmas Day" (K10946), 1968
  • 6420 "For the Good Times" (K14276) b/w "Lonesome and Driftin'" (K14277), 1973

Originalaj LP kaj KD-oj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 1952 Mood Music (Aladdin Records 702), 10" vinyl LP
  • 1956 Mood Music (Aladdin Records 809), 12" vinyl LP, neniam eldonita
  • 1957 Drifting Blues (Score Records 4011), Aladdin filio
  • 1961 Sings Christmas Songs (King Records 775), reeldonita kiel Please Come Home for Christmas (King-Starday 5019)
  • 1962 Million Sellers (Imperial Records 9178), Aladdin Records
  • 1964 Boss of the Blues (Mainstream Records 6007), reeldonita kiel Since I Fell for You (Garland-DCC 26)
  • 1965 Ballads My Way (Mainstream Records 6035)
  • 1970 Charles Brown: Legend! (ABC-Bluesway Records 6039), reeldonita kiel MCA Special Products 22112
  • 1972 Driftin' Blues (Mainstream Records 368)
  • 1972 Blues 'n' Brown (Jewel Records 5006)
  • 1973 Great Rhythm & Blues Oldies, Volume 2: Charles Brown (Blues Spectrum [Johnny Otis's label] 1020), reeldonita kiel The Very Best of Charles Brown Featuring Shuggie Otis (Stardust-Cleopatra 881)
  • 1977 Merry Christmas Baby (Big Town Records 1003)
  • 1978 Music, Maestro, Please (Big Town Records 1005)
  • 1978 Charles Brown & Johnny Moore's Three Blazers: Sunny Road, registrita 1945–1960 (Route 66 Records KIX-5)
  • 1980 Charles Brown & Johnny Moore's Three Blazers: Race Track Blues, registrita 1945–1956 (Route 66 Records KIX-17)
  • 1980 I'm Gonna Push On! (Live at Mosebacke) (Stockholm Records RJ-200), registrita koncerte el turneo de Brown en 1979 en Svedio
  • 1986 One More for the Road (Blue Side Records 60007), republikigita kiel Alligator Records 4771
  • 1986 Charles Brown (w/Johnny Moore's Three Blazers): Let's Have a Ball, registrita 1945–1961 (Route 66 Records KIX-34)
  • 1989 Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (with Charles Brown): This Is One Time, Baby, registrita 1945–1949 (Jukebox Lil JB-1105)
  • 1989 Charles Brown & Johnny Moore's Three Blazers: Sail On Blues, registrita 1945–1947 (Jukebox Lil JB-1106)
  • 1990 All My Life (Bullseye Blues 9501)[5]
  • 1992 Blues and Other Love Songs (Muse 5466), republikigita kiel Savoy Jazz 17295
  • 1992 Someone to Love (Bullseye Blues 9514)
  • 1994 Just a Lucky So and So (Bullseye Blues 9521)
  • 1994 These Blues (Gitanes-Verve 523022)
  • 1994 Charles Brown's Cool Christmas Blues (Bullseye Blues 9561)
  • 1995 Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz ... with Guest: Charles Brown (Jazz Alliance 12032)
  • 1996 Honey Dripper (Gitanes-Verve 529848)
  • 1998 So Goes Love (Verve 539967)
  • 1999 In a Grand Style (Bullseye Blues 9551)[6]

KD kompilaĵojkaj aliaj publikigaĵoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 1990 Hard Times & Cool Blues: Original Aladdin Masters (Sequel NEX-133)
  • 1991 The New York Rock and Soul Revue: Live at the Beacon (Giant-Warner Bros. 24423)
  • 1992 Driftin' Blues: The Best of Charles Brown (Capitol-EMI 97989; republikigita kiel Collectables 5631)
  • 1993 Boss of the Blues (Mainstream/Columbia-Sony 53624)
  • 1994 The Complete Aladdin Recordings of Charles Brown (Mosaic 153), kvin-KD-aro
  • 1995 Snuff Dippin' Mama, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Night Train International 7017)
  • 1995 Walkin' in Circles, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Night Train International 7024)
  • 1996 The Chronological Charles Brown: 1944–1945, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Classics 894)
  • 1996 Drifting & Dreaming, with Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (all Modern Records material) (Ace CHD-589)
  • 1996 Sings the Blues (all Mainstream Records material) (Sony Music Special Products 26431)
  • 1997 Johns (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Varese Sarabande 5778)
  • 1997 The Cocktail Combos: Nat King Cole/Charles Brown/Floyd Dixon (Capitol-EMI 52042), tri-KD-aro
  • 1998 The Chronological Charles Brown 1946, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Classics 971)
  • 1999 Blue Over You: The Ace Recordings (Westside WESM-610)
  • 2000 Charles Brown & Friends: Merry Christmas Baby (Fuel 2000/Varese Sarabande 61068)
  • 2000 The Chronological Charles Brown: 1946–1947, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Classics 1088)
  • 2001 The Chronological Charles Brown: 1947–1948, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Classics 1147)
  • 2002 The Chronological Charles Brown: 1948–1949 (Classics 1210)
  • 2003 The Chronological Charles Brown 1949-1951 (Classics 1272)
  • 2003 Charles Brown: The Classic Earliest Recordings, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (JSP Records 7707), kvin-KD-aro
  • 2003 A Life in the Blues (Rounder Select 612074), KD kun DVD
  • 2004 Alone at the Piano (Savoy Jazz 17326)
  • 2004 The Very Best of Charles Brown: Original King Recordings (Collectables 2891)
  • 2005 The Best of Charles Brown: West Coast Blues, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Blues Forever 6828)
  • 2007 Fuel Presents: An Introduction to Charles Brown (Fuel 2000/Varese Sarabande 61664)
  • 2007 Groovy, with Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Rev-Ola Records CRBAND-13)
  • 2012 The Cool Cool Blues of Charles Brown 1945–1961, kun Johnny Moore's Three Blazers (Jasmine 3030), du-KD-aro

Kontribuaĵoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • 1997 Lost & Found Houston Person (32 Jazz), antaŭe publikigita kiel Muse album Sweet Slumber, registrita en 1991
  • 1997 Straight Up with a Twist, Kitty Margolis (Mad-Kat)
  • 1999 Meet Me Where They Play the Blues, Maria Muldaur (Telarc)
  • 2010 Everyday Living, Hawkeye Herman (Blue Skunk Music)

Notoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  1. Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. pp. 70–71. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
  2. 2,0 2,1 GILLETT, Charlie. (1996) The Rise of Rock and Roll, 2‑a eldono, New York: Da Capo Press, p. 143–147, 316–317. ISBN 0-306-80683-5.
  3. Charles Brown. Alirita 2006-11-06.
  4. 4,00 4,01 4,02 4,03 4,04 4,05 4,06 4,07 4,08 4,09 4,10 Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–1995. Record Research. pp. 48–49.
  5. Charles Brown, All My Life: Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards. AllMusic.com. Alirita 2014-05-21.
  6. Charles Brown: Discography. AllMusic.com. Alirita 2014-05-21.