Hart Crane

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Harold Hart Crane (naskiĝis la 21-an de julio 1899, mortis la 27-an de aprilo 1932) estis usona poeto.

Trovinta kaj inspiron kaj provokon en la poezio de T. S. Eliot, Crane verkis modernisman poezion kiu estis malfacila, tre stiligita, kaj ambicia en sia esprimmaniero. En sia plej ambicia verko, nome The Bridge, Crane serĉis verki eposan poemon, laŭ la stilo de The Waste Land de T. S. Eliot, kiu esprimis pli optimisman vidon de moderna, urba kulturo ol tiu kiun li trovis en la verko de Eliot. En la jaroj post sia memmortigo je la aĝo de 32, Crane estis laŭdita de dramaturgoj, poetoj, kaj literaturaj kritikistoj (kiaj Robert Lowell, Derek Walcott, Tennessee Williams, kaj Harold Bloom), ĉar li estis unu el la plej influaj poetoj de sia generacio.[1][2][3]

Verkoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • White Buildings. (1926)
  • The Bridge. (1930)
  • The Collected Poems of Hart Crane. Ed. Waldo Frank). Boriswood. (1938)
  • Hart Crane and Yvor Winters: Their Literary Correspondence. Ed. Thomas Parkinson. Berkeley: University of California Press (1978)
  • O My Land, My Friends: The Selected Letters of Hart Crane. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows. (1997)
  • The Complete Poems of Hart Crane. Ed. Marc Simon. New York: Liveright. (1986)
  • Hart Crane: Complete Poems and Selected Letters. Ed. Langdon Hammer. New York: The Library of America. (2006)

Referencoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  1. Referenced in this NY Times article
  2. Bloom, Harold. "Introduction." The Complete Poems of Hart Crane. New York: Liveright, 2001.
  3. "Hart Crane." Voice and Visions Video Series. Produktita de New York Center for Visual History. 1988. [1]

Bibliografio[redakti | redakti fonton]

Biografioj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Fisher, Clive. Hart Crane: A Life. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-300-09061-7.
  • Horton, Philip. Hart Crane: The Life of An American Poet. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1937.
  • Meaker, M.J. Sudden Endings, 13 Profiles in Depth of Famous Suicides. Garden, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1964. pp. 108–133.
  • Mariani, Paul. The Broken Tower: A Life of Hart Crane. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999. ISBN 0-393-32041-3.
  • Unterecker, John. Voyager: A Life of Hart Crane. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1969.
  • Weber, Brom. Hart Crane: A Biographical and Critical Study. New York: The Bodley Press, 1948.

Selektita kritikaro[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Combs, Robert. Vision of the Voyage: Hart Crane and the Psychology of Romanticism. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis State University Press, 1978.
  • Corn, Alfred. "Hart Crane's 'Atlantis'". The Metamorphoses of Metaphor. New York: Viking, 1987.
  • Dean, Tim. "Hart Crane's Poetics of Privacy". American Literary History 8:1, 1996.
  • Dembo, L. S. Hart Crane's Sanskrit Charge: A Study of The Bridge. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1960).
  • Gabriel, Daniel. Hart Crane and the Modernist Epic: Canon and Genre Formation in Crane, Pound, Eliot and Williams. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
  • Grossman, Allen. "Hart Crane and Poetry: A Consideration of Crane's Intense Poetics With Reference to 'The Return'". ELH 48:4, 1981.
  • Grossman, Allen. "On Communicative Difficulty in General and 'Difficult' Poetry in Particular: The Example of Hart Crane's 'The Broken Tower'". Poem Present lecture series at The University of Chicago, 2004.
  • Hammer, Langdon. Hart Crane & Allen Tate: Janus-Faced Modernism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.
  • Hanley, Alfred. Hart Crane's Holy Vision: "White Buildings,". Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Press, 1981.
  • Herman, Barbara. "The Language of Hart Crane", The Sewanee Review 58, 1950.
  • Lewis, R. W. B. The Poetry of Hart Crane: A Critical Study. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.
  • Nickowitz, Peter. Rhetoric and Sexuality: The Poetry of Hart Crane, Elizabeth Bishop, and James Merrill. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
  • Pease, Donald. "Blake, Crane, Whitman, and Modernism: A Poetics of Pure Possibility". PMLA 96:1, 1981.
  • Ramsey, Roger. "A Poetics for The Bridge". Twentieth Century Literature 26:3, 1980.
  • Reed, Brian. "Hart Crane’s Victrola". Modernism/Modernity 7.1, 2000.
  • Reed, Brian. Hart Crane: After His Lights. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2006.
  • Riddel, Joseph. "Hart Crane's Poetics of Failure". ELH 33, 1966.
  • Rowe, John Carlos. "The 'Super-Historical' Sense of Hart Crane’s The Bridge". Genre 11:4, 1978.
  • Schwartz, Joseph. Hart Crane: A Reference Guide. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1983.
  • Michael Snediker. "Hart Crane's Smile". Modernism/modernity 12.4, 2005.
  • Trachtenberg, Alan. Brooklyn Bridge: Fact and Symbol. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.
  • Unterecker, John. "The Architecture of The Bridge". Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literature 3:2, 1962.
  • Winters, Yvor. "The Progress of Hart Crane". Poetry 36, June 1930.
  • Winters, Yvor In Defense of Reason. New York: The Swallow Press and William Morrow, 1947.
  • Woods, Gregory, "Articulate Flesh: Male Homo-eroticism and Modern Poetry". New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1987.
  • Yannella, Philip R. "'Inventive Dust': The Metamorphoses of 'For the Marriage of Faustus and Helen'". Contemporary Literature 15, 1974.
  • Yingling, Thomas E. Hart Crane and the Homosexual Text: New Thresholds, New Anatomies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Eksteraj ligiloj[redakti | redakti fonton]