Mimamsa: Malsamoj inter versioj

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(Kreis novan paĝon kun "{{redaktata}} {{Hinda filozofio}} '''Mīmāṃsā''' (Sanskrito: '''मीमांसा'''<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://spokensanskrit.org/index.php?tran_input=mImAMsA...")
 
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'''Mīmāṃsā''' ([[Sanskrito]]: '''मीमांसा'''<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://spokensanskrit.org/index.php?tran_input=mImAMsA&direct=se&script=hk&link=yes&mode=3|title=Mimamsa in Sanskrit|last=|first=|date=|website=|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=}}</ref>) estas [[Sanskrita]] vorto kiu signifas "reflekto" aŭ "kritika esplorado" kaj tiel referencas al tradicio kontempladi tion kio estas reflektata en la signifo de kelkaj [[Veda]]j tekstoj.<ref>[http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mimamsa Mimamsa] Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2011)</ref><ref name=britenc>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/383181/Mimamsa Mimamsa] Encyclopædia Britannica (2014)</ref> ThisTiu traditiontradicio isestas alsokonata knownankaŭ askiel '''Pūrva-Mīmāṃsā''' becausepro ofsia itsfokuso focusal onpli the earlierfruaj (''pūrva'') VedicVedaj textstekstoj dealingkiuj withtemas ritualpri actionsritara agado, andkaj similarlysimile askiel '''Karma-Mīmāṃsā''' due topro itssia focusfokuso onal ritualritara actionagado (''karma'').<ref name=olil2>Chris Bartley (2013), Purva Mimamsa, inen ''Encyclopaedia of Asian Philosophy'' (EditorEldonisto: Oliver Leaman), Routledge, 978-0415862530, pagepp. 443-445</ref> ItĜi isestas oneunu ofel sixses VedicVedaj "affirmingjesaj" ([[Āstika and nāstika|''āstika]]'') schoolsskoloj ofde [[HinduismHinduismo]]. ThisTiu particularpartikulara schoolskolo isestas knownkonata forpro itssia philosophicalfilozofiaj theoriesteorioj onpri thela naturenaturo ofde [[dharmadarmo]], basedbazite onsur [[hermeneuticshermeneŭtiko]] of thede [[VedasVedoj]], especiallyspecialle thela [[Brahmana|Brāḥmanas]] andkaj la [[Saṃhita]]s.<ref name=olil>Oliver Leaman (2006), Shruti, inen ''Encyclopaedia of Asian Philosophy'', Routledge, {{ISBN|978-0415862530}}, pagep. 503</ref> TheLa Mīmāṃsāskolo schoolMīmāṃsā wasestis foundationalfundamenta andkaj influentialinflua forpor thela [[VedantaVedanto|vedānticvedantaj]] schoolsskoloj, whichkiuj wereestas alsokonataj knownankaŭ askiel '''Uttara-Mīmāṃsā''' forpro theirsia focusfokuso onal the"pli "latermalfruaj" (''uttara'') portionspartoj ofde thela VedasVedoj, thenome la [[UpaniṣadsUpaniŝadoj]]. WhileKvankam bothkaj "earlierpli fruaj" andkaj "laterpli malfruaj" Mīmāṃsā investigateesploras thela aimcelon ofde humanla actionhoma agado, theyili dofaras sotion withekde differentdiferencaj attitudessintenoj towardsal thela necessityneceso ofde ritualrita praxispraktiko.<ref>{{cite journal |last1=Ram-Prasad |first1=Chakravarti |title=Knowledge and Action 1: Means to the Human End in Bhāṭṭa Mīmāṃsā and Advaita Vedānta |journal=Journal of Indian Philosophy |date=2000 |volume=1 |issue=28 |pages=1–24}}</ref>
 
Mīmāṃsā has several sub-schools, each defined by its [[epistemology]]. The Prābhākara sub-school, which takes its name from the seventh-century philosopher [[Prabhākara]], described the five epistemically reliable means to gaining knowledge: ''[[pratyaksha|pratyakṣa]]'' or perception; ''anumāna'' or inference; ''[[upamāṇa]]'', by comparison and analogy; ''arthāpatti'', the use of postulation and derivation from circumstances; and ''[[śabda]]'', the word or testimony of past or present reliable experts.<ref name=dpsb/><ref name=gflood/> The Bhāṭṭa sub-school, from philosopher [[Kumārila Bhaṭṭa]], added a sixth means to its canon; ''[[anupalabdhi]]'' meant non-perception, or proof by the absence of cognition (e.g., the ''lack'' of gunpowder on a suspect's hand)<ref name=dpsb/><ref name=jag>John A. Grimes, A Concise Dictionary of Indian Philosophy: Sanskrit Terms Defined in English, State University of New York Press, {{ISBN|978-0791430675}}, page 238</ref>
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