Andrew Lang

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Andrew Lang (31a Marto 1844 – 20a Julio 1912) estis skota poeto, novelisto, literatura kritikisto, kaj kontribuanto al la fako de antropologio. Li estas ĉefe konata kiel kolektanto de folkloro kaj fabeloj. La publikaĵoj Andrew Lang lecture ĉe la Universitato St. Andrews ricevis sian nomon el tiu verkisto.

Biografio[redakti | redakti fonton]

Lang naskiĝis en Selkirk. Li estis la plej aĝa el ok gefiloj de John Lang, la urba pastro de Selkirk, kaj lia edzino Jane Plenderleath Sellar, nome filino de Patrick Sellar, je la servo de la unua duko de Sutherland. La 17a de aprilo 1875 li edziĝis al Leonora Blanche Alleyne, plej juna filino de C. T. Alleyne de Clifton kaj Barbados.

Li edukiĝis ĉe la Selkirk Grammar School, Loretto kaj Edinburgh Academy de la Universitato St. Andrews kaj ĉe la Balliol College de Oksfordo, kie li finis klasikajn studojn en 1868, kaj poste iĝis membro de Merton College de Oksfordo. Kiel ĵurnalisto, poeto, kritikisto kaj historiisto, li akiris tuj reputacion kiel unu el plej kapablaj verkistoj tiamaj.

Li mortiĝis pro Brustangoro ĉe hotelo Tor-na-Coille en Banchory, Kincardineshire, survivanta de sia edzino. Li estis entombigita en la katedralaj ejoj de St Andrews.

Verkoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Ĉe 1884[redakti | redakti fonton]

Bildo el The Princess Nobody (1884), ilustraciata de Richard Doyle.
  • St Leonards Magazine. 1863. Represaĵo de kelkaj artikoloj aperintaj ĉe St Leonards Magazine kiu Lang redaktoris ĉe St Andrews University. Inkludas la jeanjn kontribuojn de Lang: Paĝoj 10–13, Dawgley Manor; A sentimental burlesque; Paĝoj 25–26, Nugae Catulus; Paĝoj 27–30, Popular Philosophies; Paĝoj 43–50 ‘Papers by Eminent Contributors’, sep parodioj el kiuj ses estas de Lang.
  • The Ballads and Lyrics of Old France (1872)
  • The Odyssey Of Homer Rendered Into English Prose (1879) traduko kun Samuel Henry Butcher
  • Aristotle's Politics Books I. III. IV. (VII.). Teksto de Bekker. Kun angla traduko de W. E. Bolland. Kun mallongaj enkondukaj eseoj de A. Lang. 1886.
  • The Folklore of France (1878)
  • Specimens of a Translation of Theocritus. 1879. Elĉerpaĵoj el ‘Theocritus, Bion and Moschus rendered into English prose’
  • XXII Ballades in Blue China (1880)
  • Oxford. Brief historical & descriptive notes (1880).
  • 'Theocritus Bion and Moschus. Rendered into English Prose with an Introductory Essay. 1880.
  • Notes by Mr A. Lang on a collection of pictures by Mr J. E.Millais R.A. exhibited at the Fine Arts Society Rooms. 148 New Bond Street. 1881.
  • The Library: with a chapter on modern illustrated books. 1881.
  • The Black Thief. A new and original drama (Adapted from the Irish) in four acts.(1882)
  • Helen of Troy, her life and translation. Done into rhyme from the Greek books. 1882.
  • The Most Pleasant and Delectable Tale of the Marriage of Cupid and Psyche (1882) kun William Aldington
  • The Iliad of Homer, a prose translation (1883) kun Walter Leaf kaj Ernest Myers
  • Custom and Myth (1884)
  • The Princess Nobody: A Tale of Fairyland (1884)
  • Ballads and Verses Vain (1884) selektita de Austin Dobson
  • Rhymes à la Mode (1884)
  • Much Darker Days. By A. Huge Longway. (1884)
  • Household tales; their origin, diffusion, and relations to the higher myths. [1884].

1885–1889[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • That Very Mab (1885) kun May Kendall
  • Books and Bookmen (1886)
  • Letters to Dead Authors (1886)
  • In the Wrong Paradise (1886) historioj
  • The Mark of Cain (1886) novelo
  • Lines on the inaugural meeting of the Shelley Society. (1886)
  • La Mythologie Traduit de L’Anglais par Léon Léon Parmentier. Avec une préface par Charles Michel et des Additions de l'auteur. (1886)
  • Almae matres (1887)
  • He (1887 kun Walter Herries Pollock) parodio
  • Aucassin et Nicolette (1887)
  • Myth, Ritual and Religion (2 vol., 1887)
  • Johnny Nut and the Golden Goose. (1887)
  • Grass of Parnassus. Rhymes old and new. (1888)
  • Perrault's Popular Tales (1888)
  • Gold of Fairnilee (1888)
  • Pictures at Play or Dialogues of the Galleries (1888) kun W. E. Henley
  • Prince Prigio (1889)
  • The Blue Fairy Book (1889)
  • Letters on Literature (1889)
  • Lost Leaders (1889)
  • Ode to Golf. Kontribuo al On the Links; being Golfing Stories by various hands (1889)
  • The Dead Leman and other tales from the French (1889) traduko kun Paul Sylvester

1890–1899[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • The Red Fairy Book (1890)
  • The World's Desire (1890) kun H. Rider Haggard
  • Old Friends: Essays in Epistolary Parody (1890)
  • The Strife of Love in a Dream, Being the Elizabethan Version of the First Book of the Hypnerotomachia of Francesco Colonna (1890)
  • The Life, Letters and Diaries of Sir Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh (1890)
  • Etudes traditionnistes (1890)
  • How to Fail in Literature (1890)
  • The Blue Poetry Book (1891)
  • Essays in Little (1891)
  • On Calais Sands (1891)
  • The Green Fairy Book (1892)
  • The Library with a Chapter on Modern English Illustrated Books (1892) kun Austin Dobson
  • William Young Sellar (1892)
  • The True Story Book (1893)
  • Homer and the Epic (1893)
  • Prince Ricardo of Pantouflia (1893)
  • Waverley Novels (by Walter Scott), 48 volumoj (1893) eldonisto
  • St. Andrews (1893)
  • Montezuma's Daughter (1893) kun H. Rider Haggard
  • Kirk's Secret Commonwealth (1893)
  • The Tercentenary of Izaak Walton (1893)
  • The Yellow Fairy Book (1894)
  • Ban and Arrière Ban (1894)
  • Cock Lane and Common-Sense (1894)
  • Memoir of R. F. Murray (1894)
  • The Red True Story Book (1895)
  • My Own Fairy Book (1895)
  • Angling Sketches (1895)
  • A Monk of Fife (1895)
  • The Voices of Jeanne D'Arc (1895)
  • The Animal Story Book (1896)
  • The Poems and Songs of Robert Burns (1896) eldonisto
  • The Life and Letters of John Gibson Lockhart (1896) du volumoj
  • Pickle the Spy; or the Incognito of Charles, (1897)
  • The Nursery Rhyme Book (1897)
  • The Miracles of Madame Saint Katherine of Fierbois (1897) tradukisto
  • The Pink Fairy Book (1897)
  • A Book of Dreams and Ghosts (1897)
  • Pickle the Spy (1897)
  • Modern Mythology (1897)
  • The Companions of Pickle (1898)
  • The Arabian Nights Entertainments (1898)
  • The Making of Religion (1898)
  • Selections from Coleridge (1898)
  • Waiting on the Glesca Train (1898)
  • The Red Book of Animal Stories (1899)
  • Parson Kelly (1899) kun A. E. W. Mason
  • The Homeric Hymns (1899) tradukisto
  • The Works of Charles Dickens in Thirty-four Volumes (1899) eldonisto

1900–1909[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • The Grey Fairy Book (1900)
  • Prince Charles Edward (1900)
  • Parson Kelly (1900)
  • The Poems and Ballads of Sir Walter Scott, Bart (1900) eldonisto
  • A History of Scotland - From the Roman Occupation (1900–1907) kvar volumoj
  • Notes and Names in Books (1900)
  • Alfred Tennyson (1901)
  • Magic and Religion (1901)
  • Adventures Among Books (1901)
  • The Crimson Fairy Book (1903)
  • The Mystery of Mary Stuart (1901, poste 1904)
  • The Book of Romance (1902)
  • The Disentanglers (1902)
  • James VI and the Gowrie Mystery (1902)
  • Notre-Dame of Paris (1902) traduko
  • The Young Ruthvens (1902)
  • The Gowrie Conspiracy: the Confessions of Sprott (1902) eldonisto
  • The Violet Fairy Book (1901)
  • Lyrics (1903)
  • Social England Illustrated (1903) eldonisto
  • The Story of the Golden Fleece (1903)
  • The Valet's Tragedy (1903)
  • Social Origins (1903) kun Primal Law de James Jasper Atkinson
  • The Snowman and Other Fairy Stories (1903)
  • Stella Fregelius: A Tale of Three Destinies (1903) kun H. Rider Haggard
  • The Brown Fairy Book (1904)
  • Historical Mysteries (1904)
  • The Secret of the Totem (1905)
  • New Collected Rhymes (1905)
  • John Knox and the Reformation (1905)
  • The Puzzle of Dickens's Last Plot (1905)
  • The Clyde Mystery. A Study in Forgeries and Folklore (1905)
  • Adventures among Books (1905)
  • Homer and His Age (1906)
  • The Red Romance Book (1906)
  • The Orange Fairy Book (1906)
  • The Portraits and Jewels of Mary Stuart (1906)
  • Life of Sir Walter Scott (1906)
  • The Story of Joan of Arc (1906)
  • New and Old Letters to Dead Authors (1906)
  • Tales of a Fairy Court (1907)
  • The Olive Fairy Book (1907)
  • Poets' Country (1907) eldonisto, kun Churton Collins, W. J. Loftie, E. Hartley Coleridge, Michael Macmillan
  • The King over the Water (1907)
  • Tales of Troy and Greece (1907)
  • The Origins of Religion (1908) eseoj
  • The Book of Princes and Princesses (1908)
  • Origins of Terms of Human Relationships (1908)
  • Select Poems of Jean Ingelow (1908) eldonisto
  • The Maid of France (1908)
  • Three Poets of French Bohemia (1908)
  • The Red Book of Heroes (1909)
  • The Marvellous Musician and Other Stories (1909)
  • Sir George Mackenzie King's Advocate, of Rosehaugh, His Life and Times (1909)

1910–1912[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • The Lilac Fairy Book (1910)
  • Does Ridicule Kill? (1910)
  • Sir Walter Scott and the Border Minstrelsy (1910)
  • The World of Homer (1910)
  • The All Sorts of Stories Book (1911)
  • Ballades and Rhymes (1911)
  • Method in the Study of Totemism (1911)
  • The Book of Saints and Heroes (1912)
  • Shakespeare, Bacon and the Great Unknown (1912)
  • A History of English Literature (1912)
  • In Praise of Frugality (1912)
  • Ode on a Distant Memory of Jane Eyre (1912)
  • Ode to the Opening Century (1912)

Postmorte[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Highways and Byways in The Border (1913) kun John Lang
  • The Strange Story Book (1913) kun Mrs. Lang
  • The Poetical Works (1923) eldonite de Mrs. Lang, kvar volumoj
  • Old Friends Among the Fairies: Puss in Boots and Other Stories. Chosen from the Fairy Books (1926)
  • Tartan Tales From Andrew Lang (1928) eldonite de Bertha L. Gunterman
  • From Omar Khayyam (1935)

Andrew Lang's Fairy Books[redakti | redakti fonton]

  1. The Blue Fairy Book (1889)
  2. The Red Fairy Book (1890)
  3. The Green Fairy Book (1892)
  4. The Yellow Fairy Book (1894)
  5. The Pink Fairy Book (1897)
  6. The Grey Fairy Book (1900)
  7. The Violet Fairy Book (1901)
  8. The Crimson Fairy Book (1903)
  9. The Brown Fairy Book (1904)
  10. The Orange Fairy Book (1906)
  11. The Olive Fairy Book (1907)
  12. The Lilac Fairy Book (1910)

Referencoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Roger Lancelyn Green (1946) Andrew Lang: A critical biography with a short-title bibliography.
  • Antonius P. L. de Cocq (1968) Andrew Lang: A nineteenth century anthropologist (Diss. Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands). Tilburg: Zwijsen.