Zeno

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Budhismo


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Historio de budhismo

Kronologio de budhismo

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Portalo:Budhismo

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Zeno (japane: Zen. Vidu malsupre) estas branĉo de la mahajana tradicio de budhismo. Zeno estas metodo por eniri en perfekte trankvilan stabilecon de la menso pere de meditado[1].

Ĝi estas budhisma skolo, kiu naskiĝis en Ĉinio ĉirkaŭ la epoko de la Dinastio Tang kiel branĉo Ĉan, aparte disvolviĝinta en Japanujo, de mistika komuniiĝo kun la naturo, ekster ĉia intelekta aktiveco[2]. Al Japanujo ĝi venis el Ĉinio en la jaro 538, kaj plej multe ĝin disvastigis Eisai (1141-1215). El Ĉinio, Zen disvastiĝis suden al Vjetnamio, nordoeitnen al Koreio kaj orienten al Japanio.

Zeno similas al jogo, por detrui la internan memon de la konsekrata persono servas koncentriĝo al nesolvebla demando (koano). Ĝi karakteras per la praktiko de meditado en la lotusa teniĝo (Japane, zazen; Ĉine, co-ĉ'an kaj la uzado de koan (Ĉine, kung-an), same kiel la lumiga (kleriga) esperto de satori.

Vortodeveno[redakti | redakti fonton]

Zeno estas esperanta vorto transprenita el la japana nomo de la tradicio. Ankaŭ la moderna angla vorto zen (kaj ankaŭ similaj en aliaj lingvoj) havas la saman originon. Tamen la radikoj de la tradicio, kaj de la vorto, estas en barata budhismo. La sanskrita nomo estas dhyana, la palia estas jhana (Devanagari: ध्यान) aŭ ties samvorta Pali Jhāna; Sanskrite; Pāli झान, termino signifanta "meditadon"). Tiu vorto estis pruntita en la ĉinan lingvon, kie ĝi nun havas la formon ch'an (Wade-Giles) aŭ chán (pinyin) (禪). Pli malfrue la ĉinan vorton transprenis la vietnama kiel thien, la korea kiel seon (선), kaj la japana lingvo kiel zen (禅). En la orientaziaj lingvoj, la nomoj volas diri "meditado" ĝenerale; en la hindaj tamen, jhana/dhyana signifas tre altan nivelon de koncentrado, helpa sed ne sufiĉa por la fina liberiĝo.

Historio[redakti | redakti fonton]

Laŭtradicie pr. 520 p.K. Bodhidharmo, la 28-a majstro en Hindia sinsekvo, kunportis el Irano en Ĉinion skolon "Lankâ", kiu estus fundamento de Chán. Tamen la vera fondinto estis Hongren (602-674).

En Japanio la plu ekzistantaj Zen-skoloj estas: Rinzaj, Soto, kaj Obaku. Nomita laŭ ties ĉina majstro Linji (japane: Rinzaj), Rinzaj-skolo ekondukitis Japanion en 1191 fare de Eisai, kies disĉiplo Dogen el tio evoluigis la skolo Soto-Zen. Obaku enigitis en 17-a jarcento de Ingen, ĉina monaĥo.

Terminoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  • Zeno
  • Dharmo
  • Doan
  • Dojo
  • Roŝi - Instruisto
  • Zendo

Vidu ankaŭ[redakti | redakti fonton]

Notoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

  1. Nova Plena Ilustrita Vortaro
  2. Malnova Plena Ilustrita Vortaro

Bibliografio[redakti | redakti fonton]

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