Zebroparulio

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Zebroparulio
Zebroparulio
Zebroparulio
Biologia klasado
Regno: Animaloj Animalia
Filumo: Ĥorduloj Chordata
Klaso: Birdoj Aves
Ordo: Paseroformaj Passeriformes
Familio: Paruliedoj Parulidae
Genro: Mniotilta
Specio: 'M. varia'
Mniotilta varia
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Konserva statuso
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Konserva statuso: Malplej zorgiga
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La Zebroparulio, Mniotilta varia, estas malgranda paserina birdo de la familio de Paruliedoj de Ameriko kaj malgranda genro de Mniotilta, kie ĝi estas la ununura specio. Ĝi estas malgranda birdo kiu reproduktiĝas en norda kaj orienta Nordameriko el suda Kanado al Florido.

Bwwarbler.jpg

Tiu nearkta specio estas migranta, kiu vintrumas en Florido, Centrameriko kaj Karibio suben al Peruo. Tiu specio estas tre rara vaganto al okcidenta Eŭropo, ĉefe al Irlando kaj Britio.

Tiu specio estas 13 cm longa kaj pezas 11 g. Somera masklo de Zebroparulio estas tre strieca blankanigra. La kapobildo estas rimarkinda: nome estas larĝa blanka superokula strio kaj super ili ambaŭflankaj nigraj kronaj strizonoj kiuj enfermas centre tre mallarĝan blankan kronostrion; la vizaĝo estas nigra (griza ĉe inoj) kaj tie videblas blanka suba duona okulringo. Estas du blankaj flugilstrioj. Inoj kaj junuloj estas similaj, sed pli senkoloraj aŭ malpli striecaj.

La puertorika endemio Angela parulio estas ofte konfuzata kun la simila nesamgenra Zebroparulio (Mniotilta varia), nereproduktanta specio en Karibio sed videbla en Puerto-Riko el mezo de septembro al komenco de majo. La ĉefa fizika distingilo estas ĉe okuloj. La Angela parulio havas duonigitan blankan okulringon dum la Zebroparulio havas blankan strion superokulan kaj blankan suban duonon de la okulringo. Alia distingilo troviĝas en la krono, ĉar tiu de la Angela parulio estas tute nigra kaj tiu de la Zebroparulio havas blankan vertican strion.

La reprodukta habitato estas arbaro larĝfolia aŭ miksita, prefere en pli humidaj areoj. La Zebroparulio nestumas surgrunde; la ino demetas 4-5 ovojn en tasforma nesto.

Tiuj birdoj manĝas insektojn kaj araneojn, kaj malkiel aliaj paruliedoj, la Zebroparulio manĝas kiel sito, moviĝante supren kaj suben laŭ arbotrunkoj kaj laŭlonge de branĉoj, sed ne uzas la voston kiel apogilo. La kanto estas altatona sii ŭii-sii ŭii-sii ŭii-sii ŭii-sii ŭii-sii, kaj la alvoko estas akra tik.

Referencoj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Eksteraj ligiloj[redakti | redakti fonton]

Plia legado[redakti | redakti fonton]

Libro[redakti | redakti fonton]

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